Major Depressive Disorder in Psychology and How to Treat it
Sometimes in sour life, we might turn down into a certain condition when it twirls in our emotion. For instance, you fail in an exam and it leads you to sadness and anxious feeling for long period of time. When you get into this state, you commonly will lose interest in a lot of things as well as feeling tired the most and choose to sleep instead of doing activities. Many people also tend to lose appetite and are difficult to focus in something when they get in this kind of condition. If you suffer from this kind of emotional condition, perhaps you get a depressive disorder. There are several types of depressive disorder and one of the primary types which often suffered by people is none other than major depressive disorder. Compared with common depression, it involves more severe sad feeling or interest loss and commonly occurs for long period of time. Since emotional problem is often linked to psychology, so if you want to look for the best treatments for it you have to know about what is major depressive disorder definition in psychology.
Definition in psychology
In psychology, what we called as major depressive disorder is a mood or emotional state which is characterized by extreme symptoms that mess up someone’s daily life. These symptoms commonly bring effects on the appetite, focus, work, sleep, happiness, and preference for minimally around two weeks. This type of depression might be suffered by people in different ranges of age. It might happen once or several times when affecting people. Those who already get tenacious major depressive disorder might experience these kinds of symptoms for two years or more.
Symptoms of the major depressive disorder
During the episodes of depression occurrence, the sufferers usually experience depression symptoms almost daily. The common symptoms which might appear like what have being stated before include sadness feeling, loss of interest, changes in appetite, and anxiety. Some people might feel easily irritated, insomnia, lack of focus and tiredness as well. For the majority of sufferers, since the symptoms happen almost every day, then they can disrupt their daily activities, such as work, study, and people relationship.
Major depressive disorder might affect children and teens as well. Even though the symptoms of the depression in children and teens are quite similar, you can find out some differences in some of them. If it affects children, then besides sad feeling, it also can trigger underweight and cause aches and pains in some parts of the body. Meanwhile, the depression which happens in teen might trigger negative feeling, rage, self-harm, and increase sensitive feeling.
This type of depression is pretty common in adult. However, they usually look down on it and take it easy. It is not normal if it gets severe and more frequent day by day. Depression that affects adult commonly leaves undiagnosed and treated improperly. Some of the symptoms which might be felt in adults can be different from the common ones. Difficulty in remembering something, changes in personality, and less sociable become the examples the symptoms.
Causes of major depressive disorder
Besides knowing about what is major depressive disorder definition in psychology, it is important for you to know what cause it. By knowing the causes, it will be easier for you to lessen the risk of getting depression. Even though the exact causes of depression are still unknown but, some factors are known to contribute this mood disorder. The first factor cannot be separated from depression is change in the brain. People who suffer from depression are known to experience physical changes in the brain although the sudden changes remains uncertain, but it really contributes to the appearance of depression. Changes in the function and effect of neurotransmitters in the brain also become a contributing factor that leads to depression. Neurotransmitters play important role in stabilizing the mood so that if its function affected then it will cause depression.
Another factor that can lead to this severe emotional condition is hormones. Sometimes there is change in the body that affect the balance of hormones. This hormonal condition also can result on depression. Changes in hormonal can happen due to some factors such as pregnancy, menopause, menstruation, and thyroid problems.
Inherited factors also might take part when depression occurs. That’s why, if someone suffer from this condition, people who have blood relative with her might experience similar condition. It is still uncertain whether genes factors take part in the appearance of this mood disorder.
Treatments and medications
Even though getting a depression seems quite a common in people but you should not take it lightly. As if you do not treat this problem, it might develop severe and will disturb your daily life. Later, you will be more difficult to get rid of it. Medications and psychotherapy happens to be the most common yet effective treatments to cope with depression. By seeing psychiatrists, you will be helped to know the real culprit behind the depression and the right medications that you need to consume. Some people commonly get depression due to a number of problems related to their life. Then, they get some benefits of having consultation with psychiatrist since they not only get the perfect treatment for the depression but also solution for their life problems. Those who already suffer from severe major depressive disorder commonly require staying in hospital or joining regular program until the symptoms disappear.
Besides psychotherapy, medications also work well in overcoming depression. Most likely, doctors will prescribe antidepressant medications for the sufferer. There are several kinds of antidepressant that can be consumed. However, consulting about the side effects for each medication is important before you consume it. To treat the depression, doctor usually will begin by giving SSRI. It is since this medication is actually safer and offers lesser side effects. However, some doctors might prescribe SNRI or NDRI to the sufferer as well. Whenever SSRI does not give significant improvement, doctors commonly can prescribe other medications such as tricyclic antidepressant. It is very effective but often offer more severe side effects compared with other types of antidepressant.